Category Archives: ENGLISH

Materials in this blog take away from my teacher Mr. Graham in American British Academy (ABA) English and My English course in NC Mr Guz, also knowledge that i known.
hope this article can be useful for you.
Don’t hesitate to contact me if you have any question.

Idioms with Colours

5 idioms with colours


How are you doing?

I hope everything is going fantastically.

Today we’re going to look at some idioms in English which all contain the colours red or blue, two of my favourite colours. I will give you their meanings and a sample sentence for each idiom.

to see red: to suddenly become very angry

Here is an example:

When he laughed in my face I saw red and hit him.

to catch someone red-handed: to catch someone in the act of doing something wrong (private or illegal)

For example, I caught my sister red-handed reading my diary.

in the red (informal): in debt, owing money. “in the red” can refer to a person or the person’s bank account.

Example: I don’t understand why he’s always in the red as he has a very good job.

Now that we’ve looked at three idioms containing the word “red”, let’s look at a couple more containing the word “blue”.

once in a blue moon: very rarely, hardly ever

Here is an example:

When I was younger I used to go the cinema about once a month but now I go once in a blue moon.

out of the blue: unexpectedly

I hadn’t heard from my old workmate in years when one day I received a letter from her out of the blue

Have a wonderful weekend. 🙂

Best regards,



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How to use “else” correctly


I hope you are well today.

Have you ever heard anyone using the word “else” in English before and wondered how to use it correctly?

Today I’ll show you exactly how to use it and in what situations.

First look at this dialogue between two people, Mark (M) and John (J):

M: Good morning, John. Are you coming to the meeting this afternoon?
J: Yes, I think so. Is anybody else coming?
M: Yes, Sheryl and Chris will be there too.
J: The boss told me that I had to invite everyone from this floor. Have I forgotten anyone else?
M: No, that’s everyone. What else did the boss tell you?
J: Nothing else except that I should contact him if something else goes wrong again then we won’t have to have the meeting.

Let’s look at the rules: else can mean other or more after the following words:

somebody, someone, something, somewhere, anybody, anyone, anything, anywhere

everybody, everyone, everything, everywhere, nobody, no one, nothing, nowhere

Look at some examples from the above text:

Is anybody else coming?

Have I forgotten anyone else?

If something else goes wrong again…

else can also mean more after words like “who”, “what”, “why”, “when”, “where”, “how”, “whoever”, “whatever”, etc.

For example,

Apart from sugar, butter and eggs, what else do you need to make a cake?

Who else shall we invite to the wedding?

Remember that “else” comes directly after the word and modifies it.

I hope this has helped you understand the use of “else” correctly.

Have an awesome weekend!

All the best

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Posted by on April 2, 2016 in ABAENGLISH, ENGLISH, HOME


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How to improve your memory


I hope you are having a fantastic week.

Today I want to talk about an important aspect of learning a new language: memorizing vocabulary. It can be boring and not much fun, but sooner or later a little bit of memorizing can really help.

So I want to share 5 tips on improving your memory:

1. Sleep! – When you’re sleep deprived, your brain doesn’t work properly. Sleeping is critical to learning and memory because in the deep stages of sleep, the brain does a lot of work related to memory.

2. Laugh – Laughter is the best medicine, right? Enjoying a joke with a friend, for example, is a great way to boost learning and creativity. The happier you are, the better you think!

3. Don’t worry,… meditate! – Meditation produces more activity in the left prefrontal cortex of the brain, which is the part that makes you happy. It also creates more connections in the brain. And more connections in the brain mean better mental ability and memory.

4. Eat healthy food! – A good diet with lots of fruit and vegetables provides lots of health benefits, including a better memory.

5. Exercise your brain! – Memory is like a muscle: the more you use it, the stronger it gets. Activities that use your hands, for example, are fantastic. Try playing an instrument, juggling or playing ping pong.

Graham-Friday Message

12:15pm || KotaHujan || Office

How to improve your memory

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Today we are going to look at gerunds in English. Firstly, what is a gerund?

Well, the answer is that it is the “-ing” form of the verb.

Look at some examples of the gerund as the subject of a sentence:

Reading helps you learn more.

Flying makes me nervous.

Cleaning up after yourself is good manners.

Let’s now take a look at the “gerund” as a complement after the verb “to be”:

One of the hardest things in life is studying.

One of my main duties in my old job was attending meetings.

One of life’s pleasures is having breakfast in bed.

Now look at some examples of the gerund after a preposition:

He’s very good at communicating with people.

You can learn a lot by listening to your teachers.

There’s no point in sitting down as the meeting will be over soon.

Some verbs, including some phrasal verbs, are followed by another verb in the gerund form. Here are some examples:

I love going to the cinema at the weekend.

He avoided talking to her at the party.

You’d better give up smoking. It’s bad for you.
After the race had finished she kept on running.

I ended up staying at the party until the end.

Well I truly hope this has helped you understand gerunds a bit more.
Have an awesome day!!! 🙂

Have an awesome weekend!

Bye for now.

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Posted by on June 23, 2015 in ABAENGLISH, ENGLISH, HOME


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Words used with Present Perfect

Words used with Present Perfect

Hello again!

I hope you are having a great day today!

Today we are going to look at some common words in English that are often but not always accompanied by the present perfect. These words are:

already, still, yet, not yet, still not and never.

In the dialogue between Joe and Susan we can clearly see their uses within a spoken conversation.

Joe: Have you eaten yet, Susan?
Susan: No, not yet. I haven’t had a chance all day.
Joe: It’s such a pity that you work so hard all day but you still haven’t had a holiday this year.
Susan: I have never taken my holidays in the summer but I like going on holiday in October. Have you been on holiday yet this year, Joe?
Joe: Yes, I have already been on holiday twice this year, but I still have a few days left which I might take at Christmas time.
Susan: Has your boss agreed to pay you for your holidays?
Joe: No, he still has not! He told me to come back to him after the summer to talk about it again.
Joe: And what about you Susan, any decisions for the summer yet?
Susan: I’m afraid I haven’t even thought of it yet.

Now let’s take a look at where and when to uses these words.

already is used to refer to an action that happened sooner than expected. It is used in affirmative sentences in the present or the past but never in the future.

yet refers to an action that is expected in the future. It is NOT used in the past. If we ask about something expected to happen, we always place “yet” at the end of the sentence.

still is used when we want to say that and action which started in the past is still happening in the present. Often, when we use “still”, it refers to an action happening longer than expected.

never means the action has not happened any time before now. Remember it is always placed before the main verb.

Finally not yet and still not are used as opposites to positive affirmations as seen in the dialogue.

I really hope this has been helpful!

Have an amazing weekend!

Best wishes

Resources: Friday Message “Graham Weeks_ABA English Teacher”
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Posted by on June 7, 2015 in ABAENGLISH, ENGLISH, HOME


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Conversation Expressions and others

Conversation Expressions and others


Conversation Expressions

There are some sentences that we can use when conducting a conversation:

1. If you ask me, sama dengan “opinion” hanya saja lebih sopan ketimbang menggunakan “in my opinion…”

Exmp:  Budi : last night the soccer game won by A and the performance was amazing,
Tono : If you ask me, the performance of B even more impressive.

2. Speaking of… (berbicara tentang) , Linking new topic to old topic, biasanya digunakan untuk menghubungkan topik baru dengan    topik lama.

Exmp: Old Topic = Soccer >>> …….. speaking of the soccer, MU will release the summer uniform for competition next month.

3. As I Was Saying….(seperti yang saya katakan), Go back to earlier point in conversation. biasanya digunakan untuk menekankan suatu pernyataan yang sebelumnya sudah dibicarakan kemudian ditekankan lagi dengan pernyataan “As i was saying”.

By vs Until

Until/Till, Until used for “formal” situation and Till used for “informal” situation. Until/till [situation or event will continue up to certain time].

  1. I worked until 7 PM. [situasinya sedang bekerja dan akan berlangsung hingga pukul 7, setelah pukul 7 tidak bekerja lagi]
  2. I can use my parent’s car until 5 PM. [ sebelum pukul 5 mobil orangtuanya bisa dipakai, setelah lewat dari jam 5 tidak bisa]

By, something will happen before or at a certain time.

  1. I need to return my movie by January 12th. [pada situasi ini, by diartikan dengan “before” bukan at]
  2. I will finish my homework by 4 PM. [akan menyelesaikan PR sebelum pukul 4, jadi yang tepat adalah by diartikan dengan “before”]
  3. I will quit smoking by the summer. [akan berhenti merokok sebelum musim panas, “by=before”]

By the time (Pada Saat)

we use this before a verb.

  1. The subway was closed by the time I left work.
  2. The thief was gone by the time i called the police.


  1. I will stay at the party ………….. midnight. [until/by]
  2. I studied ………… 7 PM. [until/by]
  3. I will finish my essay ………… February. [until/by]
  4. I will be at the restaurant ………….. 8 PM. [until/by/All of them can be used based on the situation]


Don’t hesitate to contact me, I look forward your criticism and input 🙂

Thanks in advance

Kota Hujan,

Best Regards,


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Posted by on May 23, 2015 in ENGLISH, HOME, NC AND OTHER


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American and British English

American and British English

Hello Good Morning 🙂

How are you today?

Let’s learn about American and British English.

English is spoken all over the world in many different ways with many different words. The two countries with the most distinctive word differences and the most widely taught are British and American English.

The three major differences between British and American English are spelling, vocabulary and pronunciation.

Today let’s look at some of the differences between them.

Firstly, let’s look at differences in spelling.

A lot of words ending in or containing “-our” in British English end in or contain “-or” in American English, for example, colour-color, humour-humor, favourite-favorite.

A lot of words ending in “-ise” in British English end in “-ize” in American English, for example recognise-recognize, patronise-patronize, etc.

Words which end in “-re” in British English end in “-er” in American English. Here are some examples: centre-center, metre-meter, fibre-fiber.

Next let’s look at some very common vocabulary differences. There are lots more but these ones are very useful when travelling!

British English
American English
gas, gasoline
French fries

Finally, when it comes to pronunciation, it is important to remember that the “r” sound in American English is generally more pronounced than in British English.Words ending in “r” in British English are normally pronounced with an open “r” at the end.

Let’s look at the word “car” which when pronounced in British English sounds almost like “cah”.North American English speakers are considered to be rhotic speakers and they pronounce a rhotic consonant in all instance, while non-rhotic speakers only pronounce “r” before vowels. Bear in mind though that this may not always be the case as English has many different accents.

I hope this has helped you a little. 🙂

Have a great weekend!

Best wishes,​


Posted by on April 17, 2015 in ABAENGLISH, ENGLISH, HOME


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