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Monthly Archives: June 2015

Gerund

Gerund

Hello!

Today we are going to look at gerunds in English. Firstly, what is a gerund?

Well, the answer is that it is the “-ing” form of the verb.

Look at some examples of the gerund as the subject of a sentence:

Reading helps you learn more.

Flying makes me nervous.

Cleaning up after yourself is good manners.

Let’s now take a look at the “gerund” as a complement after the verb “to be”:

One of the hardest things in life is studying.

One of my main duties in my old job was attending meetings.

One of life’s pleasures is having breakfast in bed.

Now look at some examples of the gerund after a preposition:

He’s very good at communicating with people.

You can learn a lot by listening to your teachers.

There’s no point in sitting down as the meeting will be over soon.

Some verbs, including some phrasal verbs, are followed by another verb in the gerund form. Here are some examples:

I love going to the cinema at the weekend.

He avoided talking to her at the party.

You’d better give up smoking. It’s bad for you.
After the race had finished she kept on running.

I ended up staying at the party until the end.

Well I truly hope this has helped you understand gerunds a bit more.
Have an awesome day!!! πŸ™‚

Have an awesome weekend!

Bye for now.

 
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Posted by on June 23, 2015 in ABAENGLISH, ENGLISH, HOME

 

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Words used with Present Perfect

Words used with Present Perfect

Hello again!

I hope you are having a great day today!

Today we are going to look at some common words in English that are often but not always accompanied by the present perfect. These words are:

already, still, yet, not yet, still not and never.

In the dialogue between Joe and Susan we can clearly see their uses within a spoken conversation.

Joe: Have you eaten yet, Susan?
Susan: No, not yet. I haven’t had a chance all day.
Joe: It’s such a pity that you work so hard all day but you still haven’t had a holiday this year.
Susan: I have never taken my holidays in the summer but I like going on holiday in October. Have you been on holiday yet this year, Joe?
Joe: Yes, I have already been on holiday twice this year, but I still have a few days left which I might take at Christmas time.
Susan: Has your boss agreed to pay you for your holidays?
Joe: No, he still has not! He told me to come back to him after the summer to talk about it again.
Joe: And what about you Susan, any decisions for the summer yet?
Susan: I’m afraid I haven’t even thought of it yet.

Now let’s take a look at where and when to uses these words.

already is used to refer to an action that happened sooner than expected. It is used in affirmative sentences in the present or the past but never in the future.

yet refers to an action that is expected in the future. It is NOT used in the past. If we ask about something expected to happen, we always place “yet” at the end of the sentence.

still is used when we want to say that and action which started in the past is still happening in the present. Often, when we use “still”, it refers to an action happening longer than expected.

never means the action has not happened any time before now. Remember it is always placed before the main verb.

Finally not yet and still not are used as opposites to positive affirmations as seen in the dialogue.

I really hope this has been helpful!

Have an amazing weekend!

Best wishes

Resources: Friday Message “Graham Weeks_ABA English Teacher”
 
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Posted by on June 7, 2015 in ABAENGLISH, ENGLISH, HOME

 

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